Industry Standards

Industry Standards

  1. The Kenya Flower Council Code of Practice
  2. the Kenya Gap
  3. the KS 1758 Part 1-Flowers and Ornamentals
  4. Part 2-Fruits and Vegetables

The Kenya Gap

Kenya-GAP, the Kenya Good Agricultural Practice scheme, is now officially recognized as equivalent to the GLOBALG.A.P. IFA Standard Version 4 for both Fruit & Vegetables and Flowers & Ornamentals under the category Approved Modified Checklist

Kenya-GAP was the first quality assurance scheme to be benchmarked against GLOBALG.A.P. in Africa, and has demonstrated how it is possible to incorporate smallholder needs into GLOBALG.A.P. developed by the Fresh Produce Exporters Association of Kenya (FPEAK) and launched in 1996, Kenya-GAP came as a response to demands for practical orientation to the farming conditions and practical realties in terms of practices, process and techniques that uniquely characterize community farming in most parts of the country and the region. As a result, the scheme strongly incorporates small-scale farming methods and concerns.

Kenya-GAP is used by the FPEAK’s members to promote and ensure the implementation of socially and environmentally sound production and marketing practices of their fresh produce. The scheme covers the entire spectrum of production, food handling, transportation, packaging and waste management and meets standards of environmental management, product food safety, quality, traceability and occupational health & safety of workers.

The Kenya Flower Council Certification Scheme

Kenya Flower Council Certification Scheme is guided by an Accredited Quality System Regulations that defines the management, auditing and certification process. Producer Members subscribe to the Flowers and Ornamentals Sustainability Standard (F.O.S.S) and are audited annually.

The F.O.S.S is based on environmental and socio-economic principles which ensure certified producers foster sustainable, responsible and safe production of cut flowers and ornamentals. The Standard covers good agricultural practice, human resource management and workers welfare, good governance, health & safety, environmental protection & conservation, and post-harvest management. The Standard also embraces the requirements of the International Code of Conduct (ICC) and Ethical Trade Initiative (ETI).

Producer Members are awarded either Silver or Gold Certificate after complying with all the requirements of the certification category applied for. Silver Certification is mandatory for all the producer members while Gold Certification is voluntary.

The KS 1758

The KS 1758 is a Government standard with a scope like that of GLOBALGAP covering issues of food safety, environmental sustainability, and social accountability. It is divided into two parts. Part 1-Flowers and ornammentals and Part 2-Fruits and Vgetables. The former was launched in 2015 and the latter will be lauched in July 2017.

The Standard creates a level playing ground along the horticulture value chain. It is compulsory for all stakeholders to abide by the requirements of this standard since it is a national standard with the Kenya Bureau of Standards as the Custodian and the Horticulture Crop Directorate as the enforcers

The industry alog with the Goverment in a public private partnership is piloting the National Mechanism for Compliance (NMC) in an effort to facilitate market access for export horticultural products.


A new global initiative to mainstream social and environmental factors in the floriculture industry is rapidly gaining currency. The Flower Sustainability Initiative (FSI) was launched in January 2013.The Kenya Flower Council is among the over 25 international organizations in the Floriculture sector who have united to focus on an inclusive governance model with representation from all supply chain groups (Production/ Wholesale/ Retail) as well as Civil Society Organizations (CSOs).

The mandate of FSI is to work with quality scheme owners (standards), to mainstream sustainability in the floriculture sector at the international level based on an inclusive governance model with representation from all identified key supply chain groups. FSI unites scheme owners in the flowers and plants supply chain with the ambition of having 90% of their flowers and pot plants sustainably produced and traded by 2020. To achieve this, FSI has developed a tool that the sector and/or individual wholesale companies will use to measure what percentage of the flowers and plants they trade in, are from responsible sources. The FSI Equivalency tool is designed to quickly review and compare Standards, by creating knowledge to build a more sustainable sector and by allowing transparency and comparability throughout the supply chain. Using this tool, FSI has established an “FSI Basket” of standards used for good sustainability practices in the floriculture sector which are benchmarked against Global Social Compliance Program (GSCP) and Global G.A.P. The main standards used for good sustainability practices in the floriculture sector. are already part of the “FSI basket of responsible sources”, and have started or are already finished their benchmarking process against Global Social Compliance Program (GSCP) for Social requirements, and/or GlobalG.A.P. for environmental requirements.

Through the outcome of GSCP and GloblaG.A.P benchmarking processes and the use of the FSI online portal, the market and producers are able to have an objective and neutral comparison of standards. A market interested in say environment or social sustainability compliance of its suppliers will only have to log into the FSI online portal, and so long as a given Standard is listed on the portal, the market can source flowers from any producer subscribing to the listed Standards. To remain in the FSI basket, Standards must complete their benchmarking by the end of 2015.

As at July 2015, the Certification Standards that are in the FSI Basket of sustainability standards for responsible sourcing include:

  • KFC Flowers & Ornamentals Sustainability Standard
  • British Ornamental Plant Producers' Certification Scheme (BOPP)
  • Business Social Compliance Initiative (BSCI)
  • Stichting Max Havelaar, FairTrade
  • Florverde Sustainable Flowers (FSF)
  • More profitable Sustainability (MPS)
  • Ethiopian Horticulture Producer Exporters Association (EHPEA)
  • Rainforest Alliance

What is in it for Kenya Flower Council MembersUsing the FSI online portal: the market and producers are able to compare different standards objectively and in a neutral manner to:

Duly benchmarked to key industry i.e. KS 1758; GlobalGAP; TN10 ; FFP Reduce duplication of standards and seek harmonization hence reduce costs Increase an enhance market access, Drive continuous improvement for efficiency and productivity, Mutual recognition of audits “An audit for one is an audit for all”, Introduces transparency & comparability of existing sustainability standards to give clarity on market demand, Helps growers, traders and retailers get a common understanding of sustainability Improved capacity building to member organizations and the producers in ensuring competence in executing robust responsible sourcing programs Effectively assuring compliance in the members supply / value chains through aligning practices, standards and metrics. Provision of a forum to exchange views and share experiences regarding responsible sourcing practices and tackle current and future hotspots/ issues

Increase market uptake, alignment & harmonization of different system requirements.

Achieve flexibility in buying, transparency, category solutions, risk & reputation management, scale & volume

Mainstream sustainability, improvement of social and environmental issues, fact based discussion

attain recognition & visibility, uptake of future topics, increase in demand, alignment with other standards

Increased foreign exchange earnings, increased FDI

environment protection

motivated workforce, improved livelihoods.

Of the two pillars of GSCP benchmarking i.e. Social and Environmental, Kenya Flower Council Flowers & Ornamentals Sustainability Standard is already benchmarked to GLOBALGAP since 2008 (therefore already benchmarked on the environment pillar), and has been benchmarked to the GSCP Social requirements pillar.

Kindly follow the following link to see how the KFC Standard faired on comparison with other major Floriculture Standards on the FSI online portal, emerging as a robust standard in all the areas addressing Social, Environment, and Quality, Management, and Ethics requirements.


To ensure quality in the industry stakeholders have established the National Mechanism for Compliance with the support of the Embassy of the Royal Kingdom of the Netherlads-Nairobi and the National Horticulture Traceability System (NHTS) with the support from the USAID-KAVES Project.